Integrated Organic Farming :
At present, the farmers concentrate mainly on crop production which is subjected to a high degree of uncertainty in income and employment to the farmers. In this context, it is imperative to evolve suitable strategy for augmenting the income of a farm.
The integrated farming system ,human friendly approach introduces a change in the farming techniques for maximum
production in the cropping pattern and takes care of optimal utilization of resources.The farm wastes are better recycled for productive purposes in the integrated system.A judicious mix of agricultural enterprises like dairy, poultry, piggery, fishery,etc. suited to the given agro-climatic conditions and socio-economic status of the farmers would bring prosperity in the farming. An integrated farming system allows us to use some of the advantages of nature, and ecology, as opposed to relying on chemistry to solve all our production issues.
Organic Integrated Farming goes beyond simple compliance with current farming regulations, reinforces the positive impact of farming practices on the environment and reduces their negative effects, without losing sight of the profitability for the farm.Integrated farming is a system which tries to imitate the nature’s principle, where not only crops but varied types of plants, animals, birds, fish and other aquatic flora and fauna are utilized for production. These are combined in such a
way and proportion that each element helps the other; the waste of one is recycled as resource for the other.
It offers a whole farm policy and whole systems approach to farm management. The farmer seeks to provide efficient and profitable production, which is economically viable and environmentally responsible, and delivers safe, wholesome and high
quality food through the efficient management of livestock, forage, fresh produce and arable crops whilst conserving and
enhancing the environment.
The basic principle is to enhance the ecological diversity – by choosing the appropriate cropping methodology with mixed
cropping, crop rotation, crop combination and inter cropping so that there is less competition for water, nutrition and space
and adopting eco-friendly practices natural organic integrated.
The key principles of Integrated Farm Management are:
A commitment to good husbandry and animal welfare
Efficient soil management and appropriate cultivation techniques
The use of crop rotations
Minimum reliance on crop protection chemicals and fertilisers
Careful choice of seed varieties
Maintenance of the landscape and rural communities
Enhancement of wildlife habitats
A commitment to team spirit based on communication, training and involvement
Integrated Farming System-More Crop Yield & Reduce Global Warming; It is fundamental to reduce global hunger and under nutrition. Climate-resilient agriculture should be nutrition-friendly and health promoting. Examples include diversification of household food production and agricultural extension services promoting better crop diversity and biodiversity; integrated farming and agro-forestry systems; and improved post-harvest management to reduce losses in terms of quantity and nutrients content.“Integrated farming is needed to achieve a
sustainable high growth rate,”
Integrated Farming System envisages a coupling of multipurpose trees, horticultural plants, health herbs, food/oilseeds/pulses,etc.,with livestock rearing. The tangible benefit from this system could be the efficient nutrient and hydrological cycling,which can impart resilience by building soil quality with time. The staggered income is envisaged from the annual crops and livestock periodically from the horticultural plants of short duration species on long duration from woody species and from the bi/tri annual species and others in the system.
Integrated farming system is promise which includes crop-livestock and this system is helpful for addition of organic carbon in soil through farmyard manure, vermi-compost, animal urine, etc. Before growing of crop, there is a need to take representative soil samples from the field and carry out analysis for major and micro-nutrients and if deficiency found of particular nutrient in a soil then require adding particular nutrient in a soil.
Integrated organic farming demonstrates natural organic system at all the different areas of the farm business that farmers
need to consider when adopting a whole farm approach.Community issues and landscape, wildlife and biodiversity are just as
integral as management decisions concerning soil management or energy efficiency. Animal welfare is a source of growing
public concern. Integrated organic farming employs techniques of livestock management that maintain animals in good health,
comfort and low stress, by feeding, handling, housing and transporting them under conditions that reflect proper care and
concern for their welfare.